Goldfields-Esperance is a region in the south-eastern part of Western Australia over 700 kilometres to the west of Perth, the state capital. With a 771,276-square-kilometre area, it is the largest region in the state. Nine Local Government Areas comprise the region, namely Coolgardie, Dundas, Esperance, Kalgoorlie-Boulder, Laverton, Leonora, Menzies, Ngaanyatjarraku, and Ravensthorpe. As of the 2008 census, it has an estimated population of 58,074 residents.
Goldfields-Esperance, which is composed mostly of low tablelands, is bound geographically by the Little Sandy Desert and Gibson Desert to the north, the South Australian and Northern Territory borders to the east, the Great Australia Bight to the south, and the Wheatbelt region to the west. The region lacks rivers and hardly experiences rainfall, making it very arid.
In the 1890s, three Irish prospectors-Tom Flanagan, Patrick Hannan, and Daniel Shea-struck gold by chance in the site now known as "The Golden Mile" within Kalgoorlie. Similar discoveries later followed in the towns of Coolgardie and Norseman, prompting a gold rush that caused an influx of people to the region. Today, the extraction and processing of mineral resources-gold and nickel, particularly-is a significant contributor to local economy.
Goldfields-Esperance offers a wide variety of attractions for locals and visitors alike to appreciate, thanks to local culture, history, and topography. Some of the most notable tourism spots in the region include the Archipelago of the Recherche, Ben Prior's Open Air Museum, Cape Arid National Park, Coolgardie Camel Farm, Esperance Municipal Museum, Goldfields Exhibition, Hannan's North Tourist Mine, Lake Dundas, Museum of the Goldfields, Peak Charles, Pink Lake, Railway Station Museum, Walga Rock, Western Australian Museum, and Wilga Mia.